History

The Name 'Lyde Green'

1670 - Lyde
1639 - the Lydes
1571 - Lighte
1552 - Lide gre(e)ne, Lyde gre(e)ne
1547 - L(e)ightgr(e)n
950 - on Hlidan, of Hlydan

Source - The Historical Gazetteer of England's Place-Names

Roman Villas

Before any houses were built, there was an archaeological assessment of the area, discovering 'upmarket' villas, bronze brooches, babies’ bracelets, rings and necklaces, coins and pottery.

Sources:

Old Maps of Lyde Green:

Unfortunately, there's not a lot to look at in the maps (the second link only shows Lyde Green in the 1880s and it's mostly farms and the brook.

Listed Buildings & Historic Landscape Features

There are five Grade II listed buildings within the site; these are:

  • Whitehouse Farm, early C17, two and a half storeys
  • Lyde Green Farm, C16 origin reconstructed late C17, two and a half storeys
  • Barn at Lyde Green Farm, late C17
  • Newlands Farm, central portion late C17, one and a half storeys
  • Hallen Farm, 1680's style 'L'-plan, two storeys, substantially damaged by recent vandalism

Lyde Green Common is an area of Registered Common Land, and is recorded on the first edition Ordnance Survey map. The northern and southern hedgerows along Lyde Green Common are well developed, indicating that they are of considerable age. In the eastern field of the Common, several subcircular wet depressions with longer vegetation are visible, that may be associated with earlier mining or grazing activity. No trace remains of the repaired bridges, noted on the map of 1792, and the brook which divides the two fields of the Common which is now crossed lower down

Archaeology

An assessment of the archaeological sensitivity of the site has been made through desk-based research and a walkover inspection of the site. Information reviewed included archaeological records, aerial photographs, historic mapping, published material and unpublished documents. There are no scheduled monuments within the site, although the scheduled disused Brandy Bottom (Parkfield South) Colliery adjoins the site to the east.

There is little evidence of prehistoric occupation at the site. There is evidence of Roman settlement and the line of a Roman road crosses the site, however, the majority of known sites relate to medieval and later settlement and industrial activity. Adjacent to the site is the location of a middle Saxon smelting furnace, which is unscheduled but of possible national importance. The overall indication is that the area has archaeological potential, with continuous settlement or farming probably since the post-Roman period and possibly earlier. Similarly, while the field layout would appear to be of post-medieval formation, some elements, e.g. tracks, predate this. There are 8 potential key issues relating to archaeology and cultural heritage:

  • The setting of Brandy Bottom Colliery scheduled monument
  • The five listed buildings at the site
  • The presence of earthworks of unknown origin
  • Surviving elements of former landscapes
  • Potential remains of post-Roman and medieval settlement
  • Remains of post-medieval settlement
  • Evidence of early industries
  • Potential buried remains of prehistoric and Roman date.

Source - Emersons Green East Development Brief

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